Evangelikalismen utfordret
PDF

Keywords

James K.A. Smith
Post-modernism
Radical Orthodoxy
epistemology

How to Cite

Fjeld, B. Øyvind. (2015). Evangelikalismen utfordret: En kritisk drøfting av kunnskapsteorien hos James K.A. Smith og i bevegelsen Radical Orthodoxy. Scandinavian Journal for Leadership and Theology, 2. https://doi.org/10.53311/sjlt.v2i.3

Abstract

Evangelicalism Challenged: A Critical Evaluation of the Epistemology of James K.A. Smith and Radical Orthodoxy

The article analyses the implicit epistemology of James K.A. Smith in his book Who’s Afraid of Post-modernism? Taking Derrida, Lyotard and Foucault to Church (2006). The analysis concentrates on Smith’s interpretation of three French postmodern philosophers: J. Derrida, J.F. Lyotard and M. Foucault, but includes also a yearlong discussion between Smith and D.A. Carson, rendered in the book and in Carson’s books Becoming Conversant with the Emerging Church (2005) and Christ & Culture Revisited (2008). Carson defends the evangelical movement which today is criticized and challenged by several post-evangelical writers, among them Smith, who claims that faith is the sole bridge between reality and knowledge. He calls his view confessional realism. The aim is to present and constructively evaluate Smith’s epistemology and its relation to issues like rationality, truth, objectivity and reality. The theoretical basis for the assessment of Smith’s presentation of Radical Orthodoxy andits epistemology is what M. Stenmark calls “The everyday life epistemology upgraded” (Vardagslivets kunskapsteori uppgraderat (VKU). Stenmark argues that we may know the truth, but nobody own the truth. Based on VKU, the article critiques Smith’s epistemology and his theology of incarnation, as partly built on a local language game, partly on his intrabiblical understanding of reality, and partly for the risk of ending up in fideism. VKU is also the basis for a critical assessment of the epistemology ofevangelicalism and Carson’s arguments for the biblical “non-negotiables”. The article defends a critical realism which allows a view of revelation that the triune God is able to transcend the limitations of human sin and subjectivity, and that God the Creator is able to communicate his plan of salvation to rational men. Human rationality never replaces faith, but rationality is able to give good grounds for faith among people endorsing modernity or postmodernity.

https://doi.org/10.53311/sjlt.v2i.3
PDF

References

Barbosa da Silva, A., Andersson, M. (1993). Vetenskap och Människosyn i sjukvården. En introduktion till vetenskapsfilosofi och vårdetik. Stockholm, Svenska hälso- och sjulvårdens tjänstemannaförbund, SHSTF.

Black Jr., G. (2013). The Theology of Dallas Willard. Discovering Protoevangelical Faith. Eugene OR. Pickwick Publications.

Brekke, Ø. (2005). Skapingstanken hos Radical Orthodoxy og K.E. Løgstrup – nokre komparative perspektiv. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift nr. 1, årgang 106:21–55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18261/ISSN1504-2979-2005-01-04

Carson, D.A. (2005). Becoming Conversant with the Emerging Church. Understanding A Movement and Its Implications. Grand Rapids, MI. Zondervan.

Carson, D.A. (2008). Christ & Culture Revisited. Grand Rapids MI. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Foster, R.J. (1998). Streams of Living Water. Celebrating the Great Traditions of the Christian Faith. San Fransisco HarperCollins Publisher.

Føllesdal, D., Walløe, L. (2000). Argumentasjonsteori, språk og vitenskapsfilosofi. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo.

Groothuis, D. (2000). Truth Decay. Defending Christianity Against the Challenges of Post modernism. Downers Grove IL. InterVarsity Press.

McGrath, A.E. (1996). A Passion for Truth. The Intellectual Coherence of Evangelicalism. Downers Grove Il. InterVarsity Press.

McGrath, A.E. (2001). Christian Theology. An Introduction. 3 ed. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing

Milbank, J. (1990). Theology and Social Theory: Beyond Secular Reason. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.

Milbank, J., Pickstock, C. og Ward, G. (red.) (1999). Radical Orthodoxy: A New Theology. London, Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203259146

Milbank, J., Pickstock, C. og Ward, G. (red.) (1999) (oversatt av Trond Skard Dokka 2003). Fra Radical Orthodoxy i Exphil-serien. Bind 2, Originaltekster til filosofi- og vitenskapshistorie. Filosofisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo, 1. utgave:435–442.

Smith, J. K.A. (2004). Introducing Radical Orthodoxy: Mapping a Post-secular Theology. Grand Rapids MI, Baker Academic.

Smith, J.K.A. (2006). Who’s Afraid of Postmodernism? Taking Derrida, Lyotard and Foucault to Church. Grand Rapids MI, Baker Academic.

Smith, J.K.A. (2009). Desiring the Kingdom: Worship, Worldview, and Cultural Formation. Grand Rapids MI, Cultural Liturgies Volume 1. Baker Academic.

Smith, J.K.A. (2013). Imagining the Kingdom: How Worship Works. Grand Rapids MI, Cul- tural Liturgies Volume 2. Baker Academic.

Smith, J.K.A. (2014). Who’s Afraid of Relativism? Community, Contingency, and Creature- hood. Grand Rapids MI, The Church and Postmodern Culture. Baker Academic.

Stenmark, M. (2013). Postmodern teologi, kunskap och sanning. Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift, årgang 89:139–150.

Tollefsen, T., Syse, H. og Nicolaisen, R.F. (2006). Tenkere og ideer. Filosofiens historie fra antikken til vår egen tid. Oslo, Gyldendal Forlag, 2. utgave, 9. opplag. Tomlinsen, D. (1995). The Post-Evangelical. London, Triangle.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2021 Scandinavian Journal for Leadership & Theology